Cosmetics are substances used to enhance or protect the appearance or odor of the human body. Cosmetics include skin-care creams, lotions, powders, perfumes, lipsticks, finger nail and toe nail polishes, eye and facial makeup, and facial makeup, permanent waves, coloured contact lenses, hair colours, hair sprays and gels, deodorants, baby products, bath oils bubble baths, bath salts, butter and many more type of products. Their use is widespread, especially among women in western countries. A subset of cosmetics called “Make up”, which refers primarily to coloured products, intended to alter users appearance. Many manufacturers distinguish between decorative cosmetics and care cosmetics.
The manufacturer of cosmetics is currently dominated by a small number of multinational corporations that originated in the early 20th century, but the distribution and sale of cosmetics is spread among a wide range of different businesses. The U.S. FDA which regulates cosmetics in United States defines cosmetics as “intended to be applied to the human body for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness or altering the appearance without affecting the body’s structure or function.” This broad definition includes as well, any material intended for use as a component of a cosmetic product. The FDA specially excludes soap from this category.